Nepal is a landlocked nation in South Asia, bordering the People’s Republic of China (Tibet) to the north and India to the south, east and west. Until 2006, Nepal was officially the only Hindu state in the world. On May 18, 2006, Nepal was declared a secular state by the Interim Parliament of Nepal. On December 28, 2007, the interim parliament passed a bill and declared Nepal to be a federal democratic republic.
For a relatively small country, Nepal has a diverse landscape, ranging from the humid Terai plain lands in the south to the mountainous Himalayas in the north. Eight of the world’s top ten highest mountains, including the highest one, Mount Everest, are in Nepal.
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